The Nearest Canary Island to Africa – A Guide to Discovering the African Influence on Fuerteventura

The Canary Islands are a group of islands located in the Atlantic Ocean, off the northwest coast of Africa. Known for their stunning natural beauty and year-round mild climate, the Canary Islands attract millions of tourists every year. Made up of seven main islands, each with its own unique charm, the Canaries offer a wide range of activities and attractions for visitors to enjoy.

Among these islands, one stands out as the nearest to Africa: Lanzarote. Lanzarote is the easternmost and fourth largest island in the Canary archipelago. It is located just 125 kilometers off the coast of Africa, making it the closest Canary Island to the continent.

With its proximity to Africa, Lanzarote offers a captivating blend of Spanish and African cultures. The island’s unique volcanic landscape, characterized by its rugged mountains and black sand beaches, is a testament to its geological history. Visitors to Lanzarote can explore the stunning Timanfaya National Park, where they can witness first-hand the impressive volcanic formations and even dine on food cooked using geothermal heat.


Lanzarote is the easternmost and fourth largest of the Canary Islands, located just off the coast of Africa. It is known for its stunning volcanic landscapes, beautiful beaches, and unique cultural attractions.

The island’s volcanic origins are evident throughout the landscape, with dramatic rock formations and black sand beaches. One of the most famous natural attractions on Lanzarote is Timanfaya National Park, where visitors can explore the otherworldly volcanic terrain and even take a camel ride.

Lanzarote also offers a range of outdoor activities, including hiking, diving, and surfing. The island’s crystal-clear waters are perfect for snorkeling and scuba diving, while the consistent trade winds make it a popular destination for windsurfing and kitesurfing.

Unique Architecture

In addition to its natural beauty, Lanzarote is home to some unique architectural attractions. The artist and architect César Manrique played a major role in shaping the island’s development, and his influence can be seen throughout Lanzarote. One of the most iconic examples of his work is the Jameos del Agua, a stunning underground auditorium and pool complex built within a volcanic cave.

The island’s capital, Arrecife, is also worth a visit for its charming old town and picturesque waterfront promenade. Here, visitors can explore historic buildings, browse local shops, and enjoy fresh seafood at one of the many waterfront restaurants.

Protected Natural Areas

Lanzarote is committed to preserving its natural beauty, and several areas of the island are protected as biosphere reserves by UNESCO. These include the Chinijo Archipelago, a group of small islands and islets off Lanzarote’s northern coast, and the Famara Cliff, a stunning coastal cliff that offers breathtaking views and is a haven for birdwatchers.

Overall, Lanzarote offers a unique combination of natural beauty, cultural attractions, and outdoor activities. Whether you’re looking to relax on pristine beaches, explore volcanic landscapes, or immerse yourself in the local culture, Lanzarote has something for everyone.


Fuerteventura is one of the Canary Islands, located in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa. It is famous for its beautiful beaches, crystal clear waters, and unique landscapes.

As the second largest island in the Canary archipelago, Fuerteventura is known for its stunning natural beauty. It is often referred to as the “island of eternal spring” because of its year-round warm climate.

Canary Islands

The Canary Islands are a group of volcanic islands that belong to Spain. They are located off the northwest coast of Africa, in the Atlantic Ocean. The islands are known for their diverse ecosystems, ranging from sandy beaches to lush forests and rugged mountains.

Nearest Island to Africa

Fuerteventura is the closest Canary Island to Africa, with a distance of only 100 kilometers separating it from the African continent. This proximity to Africa gives the island a unique blend of cultures and influences from both Europe and Africa.

Gran Canaria

Gran Canaria is the third largest and nearest island to Africa in the Canary archipelago. It is located in the Atlantic Ocean, about 150 kilometers to the west of the coast of Morocco.

With its diverse landscapes and stunning beaches, Gran Canaria is a popular tourist destination. The island offers something for everyone, from beautiful sandy beaches and crystal-clear waters to rugged mountains and picturesque villages.


Gran Canaria is famous for its beautiful beaches. The island boasts over 60 kilometers of coastline, with a variety of beaches to suit every taste. Whether you’re looking for a bustling beach with water sports and beach bars, or a secluded cove for some peace and quiet, Gran Canaria has it all.


Gran Canaria is known for its diverse nature. The island has several natural parks and reserves where visitors can explore its unique flora and fauna. From the stunning sand dunes of Maspalomas to the green valleys and rugged mountains of the interior, there is plenty to discover.

In conclusion, Gran Canaria is the nearest Canary Island to Africa and offers a wide range of attractions for visitors. Its location, stunning beaches, and diverse nature make it a must-visit destination.


Tenerife is the largest island in the Canary Islands, located off the coast of Africa. It is also the nearest Canary Island to Africa, making it a popular destination for tourists looking for a taste of both Africa and Europe. The island boasts a diverse landscape, with beautiful beaches, lush forests, and even a volcano. Tenerife offers something for everyone, whether you’re interested in relaxing on the beach, exploring the natural wonders, or experiencing the vibrant local culture. With its blend of African and European influences, Tenerife truly offers a unique and unforgettable experience.

La Gomera

La Gomera is one of the Canary Islands, which are located off the northwest coast of Africa. It is known for its stunning natural beauty and unique culture.

As the second-smallest island in the Canaries, La Gomera is closest to Africa, making it an ideal destination for those looking to explore the natural wonders of the region.

Natural Beauty

La Gomera is a paradise for nature lovers, with its rugged mountains, lush forests, and picturesque beaches. The island is home to Garajonay National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage site known for its ancient laurel forests and diverse flora and fauna.

Cultural Traditions

La Gomera has a rich cultural heritage, influenced by its history and isolation from the mainland. One of the most fascinating aspects of the island’s culture is its unique whistling language, known as Silbo Gomero. Used by the local inhabitants to communicate across the island’s deep ravines, Silbo Gomero is a UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.

Location Nearest Canary Island Distance from Africa
La Gomera Closest Canary Island to Africa

La Palma

La Palma is a canary island located in the Atlantic Ocean. It is considered to be the nearest canary island to Africa and is known for its stunning landscapes and natural beauty.


La Palma is the fifth largest canary island and is located around 260 kilometres off the coast of Africa. It belongs to the province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife and is part of the Canary Islands archipelago.

The island is volcanic in origin and is dominated by the Caldera de Taburiente National Park, a massive volcanic crater that is one of the island’s most popular tourist attractions. La Palma is also known for its rugged coastline, black sand beaches, and lush forests.


La Palma offers a variety of attractions and activities for visitors to enjoy. The island is a paradise for outdoor enthusiasts, with numerous hiking trails, mountain biking routes, and water sports opportunities. The Roque de los Muchachos Observatory, located at the highest point on the island, offers breathtaking views of the night sky.

The towns and villages of La Palma are charming and full of character, with traditional architecture and picturesque streets. Santa Cruz de la Palma, the capital of the island, is a beautiful colonial town famous for its colorful houses and historic buildings.


In conclusion, La Palma is a canary island that is nearest to Africa. With its stunning landscapes, outdoor activities, and charming towns, the island offers a unique and unforgettable experience for visitors. Whether you are looking to relax on the beach, explore the natural beauty of the Caldera de Taburiente, or stargaze at the observatory, La Palma has something for everyone to enjoy.

El Hierro

El Hierro is the smallest and farthest southwest of the Canary Islands. Located in the Atlantic Ocean, it is closest to the African continent. With its unique landscapes and pristine nature, El Hierro offers a one-of-a-kind experience for visitors.

This volcanic island is known for its rugged coastline, beautiful beaches, and crystal clear waters. It is a paradise for nature lovers and diving enthusiasts. El Hierro’s underwater world is teeming with marine life, making it an ideal destination for snorkeling and scuba diving.

Nature Reserve

El Hierro is home to the UNESCO Biosphere Reserve, which covers more than half of the island’s territory. The reserve is known for its diverse flora and fauna, including many endemic species. Visitors can explore the lush forests, volcanic landscapes, and stunning cliffs of El Hierro.

Unique Culture

El Hierro also has a rich cultural heritage. The island’s traditions and way of life have been preserved for centuries, making it a fascinating destination for those interested in local culture. The locals are known for their warmth and hospitality, and visitors can immerse themselves in the island’s unique customs and traditions.

Overall, El Hierro is a hidden gem in the Canary Islands. Its proximity to Africa, stunning natural beauty, and rich cultural heritage make it a must-visit destination for travelers seeking an off-the-beaten-path experience.

The African Connection

The Canary Islands, located in the Atlantic Ocean, have a unique connection to the African continent. Among the seven main Canary Islands, the closest to Africa is Lanzarote. It is situated just off the coast of Morocco, making it the nearest island to Africa.

Geographical Proximity

Lanzarote’s geographical position allows for a strong connection with Africa. The island is located approximately 125 kilometers off the coast of Morocco, making it easily accessible from the African continent.

This proximity has influenced the island’s culture, traditions, and even its cuisine. Lanzarote boasts a blend of African and Spanish influences, creating a unique and vibrant cultural identity.

African Influences

From the architecture to the vibrant colors seen throughout the island, African influences are prominent in Lanzarote. The traditional buildings, known as “cuevas,” were influenced by the cave-like dwellings found in North Africa.

African art and craft traditions also play a significant role in the island’s culture. Local artisans create intricate pottery, weavings, and sculptures that showcase the African connection.

Furthermore, African music and dance forms have found their way to Lanzarote, adding to the vibrant cultural tapestry of the island.

In conclusion, Lanzarote’s close proximity to Africa has created a strong connection between the island and the African continent. This connection is evident in the island’s culture, traditions, and architecture, making Lanzarote a unique destination with a rich African influence.


The nearest island to Africa is Lanzarote, which is known for its pleasant climate throughout the year. The island enjoys a mild and warm climate due to its proximity to the African continent. Summers are hot with temperatures reaching around 30 degrees Celsius, while winters are mild with temperatures rarely dropping below 15 degrees Celsius. The island receives very little rainfall, making it an ideal destination for sun-seekers and beach lovers. The trade winds that blow from Africa also contribute to the island’s climate, keeping the humidity low and providing a cooling breeze. Lanzarote’s climate is perfect for outdoor activities such as hiking, cycling, and water sports, making it a popular destination for tourists from around the world.

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Overall, Lanzarote’s climate offers a year-round holiday destination with warm temperatures, plenty of sunshine, and a refreshing breeze from Africa.

Breathtaking Volcanoes

The Canary Islands, known for their stunning natural beauty, are home to several breathtaking volcanoes. These awe-inspiring geological wonders are a testament to the dynamic and ever-changing nature of our planet.

The nearest Canary Island to Africa, Lanzarote, is famous for its volcanic landscapes. Visitors can explore the Timanfaya National Park, which is home to the Montañas del Fuego, or Fire Mountains. These dormant volcanoes have shaped the island’s unique terrain, with their rugged peaks and barren lava fields.

Another notable volcano in the Canary Islands is Mount Teide, located on the island of Tenerife. Standing at a majestic height of 3,718 meters, Mount Teide is not only the highest peak in Spain but also the third tallest volcano in the world. It is surrounded by the Teide National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, which boasts a diverse range of flora and fauna.

Exploring these volcanic landscapes is a must for nature enthusiasts and adventure seekers. The Canary Islands offer a unique opportunity to witness the powerful forces of nature and appreciate the beauty that emerges from volcanic activity.

Visiting the Volcanoes

When visiting the Canary Islands, there are several options for experiencing the volcanic wonders. Guided tours are available, offering a chance to learn about the geology and history of the volcanoes from knowledgeable guides.

For a more immersive experience, you can hike through the volcanic landscapes and marvel at the otherworldly beauty up close. However, it is important to respect the natural environment and follow any safety guidelines set by park authorities.

A Table of Canary Island Volcanoes

Volcano Island Elevation (meters)
Montañas del Fuego Lanzarote 671
Mount Teide Tenerife 3,718
Caldera de Taburiente La Palma 2,426

Unique Wildlife

The nearest Canary island to Africa, Lanzarote, is home to a unique and diverse array of wildlife. Due to its close proximity to the African continent, Lanzarote has become a haven for a variety of species that can’t be found anywhere else in the Canary Islands.

One of the most notable examples of unique wildlife on the island is the Egyptian vulture. This majestic bird of prey is known for its distinctive appearance, with its black and white plumage and bright yellow face. The Egyptian vulture is considered a critically endangered species, and Lanzarote provides an important breeding ground for these birds.

In addition to the Egyptian vulture, Lanzarote is also home to several other rare bird species, including the Houbara bustard and the nomadic trumpeter finch. These birds have adapted to the island’s diverse habitats, which range from sandy beaches and rocky cliffs to volcanic landscapes and arid plains.

The island’s unique wildlife extends beyond birds, with a variety of reptiles, insects, and plants that are found nowhere else in the Canary Islands. The Canarian lizard, for example, is a species of reptile that is endemic to Lanzarote. This lizard has adapted to the island’s harsh conditions by developing a spiky appearance and a unique ability to change its color to blend in with its surroundings.

Lanzarote’s unique wildlife is a testament to the island’s diverse ecosystems and its location as the nearest Canary island to Africa. Visitors to the island have the opportunity to witness these rare and fascinating species up close, making Lanzarote a true paradise for nature lovers and wildlife enthusiasts.

Rich Culture and History

The nearest island to Africa, the Canary Islands, has a rich and vibrant culture that has been shaped by its unique location and history. This island is a melting pot of different cultures and influences, making it a truly fascinating destination for visitors.

Cultural Diversity

The close proximity to Africa has had a significant impact on the culture of this island. Over the centuries, it has been influenced by various civilizations, including the Berbers, Romans, Arabs, and Europeans. This diverse mix of cultures has shaped the island’s architecture, cuisine, and traditions. Visitors can explore ancient ruins, sample traditional dishes, and experience colorful festivals that showcase this cultural diversity.

Historical Significance

The Canary Islands have a long and complex history that dates back thousands of years. The island has been inhabited since prehistoric times, and has served as a strategic location for trade and exploration throughout history. It has been a stopping point for navigators and explorers, including Christopher Columbus, who made a stop here on his way to the Americas. The island’s history is evident in its UNESCO World Heritage Sites, such as the historic city of San Cristobal de La Laguna.

Overall, the nearest island to Africa offers a fascinating blend of cultures and a rich historical background that is sure to captivate any visitor. From its diverse architecture to its vibrant festivals, there is so much to explore and discover on this unique island.

Beautiful Beaches

The nearest Canary Island to Africa, the largest continent in the world, is a paradise for beach lovers. With its stunning coastline and crystal clear waters, this island offers some of the most beautiful beaches in the world.

From golden sands to black volcanic beaches, the Canary Island has it all. Whether you prefer a secluded cove or a bustling beach with amenities, there is a beach here to suit every taste.

If you are looking for white sandy beaches, head to Playa de las Teresitas. This beach, located in the capital city, offers a peaceful and relaxing escape from the hustle and bustle of everyday life.

For those who enjoy water sports, Playa de las Americas is the place to be. This lively beach is known for its vibrant atmosphere and offers a wide range of activities, such as surfing, jet skiing, and parasailing.

If you prefer a more adventurous beach experience, visit Playa de la Tejita. This beach is known for its strong winds, making it a popular spot for wind and kite surfers.

No matter which beach you choose to visit, one thing is for sure – the Canary Island is a true paradise for beach enthusiasts.

Water Sports

If you’re planning a trip to the Canary Islands, you’re in for a treat when it comes to water sports. The Canary Islands are known for their pristine waters, beautiful beaches, and perfect weather, making them a paradise for water sports enthusiasts.

The nearest island to Africa, the Canary Islands boast a variety of water sports activities that cater to all levels of skill and experience. Whether you’re a beginner or an adrenaline junkie, there’s something for everyone.

One of the most popular water sports activities in the Canary Islands is surfing. With its world-class waves and consistent swells, the islands attract surfers from all over the world. Beginners can take lessons from experienced surf schools, while more advanced surfers can challenge themselves on the powerful reef breaks.

For those who prefer a more relaxed water activity, stand-up paddleboarding (SUP) is a great option. Explore the crystal-clear waters while paddling on a board, and enjoy stunning views of the coastline. SUP is also a great way to improve balance and core strength.

If you’re looking for an underwater adventure, diving and snorkeling are a must-try. The Canary Islands offer incredible dive sites with diverse marine life, including colorful reefs, shipwrecks, and volcanic formations. Explore the underwater world and discover a whole new dimension of beauty.

Kayaking is another popular water sport in the Canary Islands. Paddle your way along the coastlines, explore hidden coves and caves, and enjoy the breathtaking scenery. It’s a fun and adventurous way to discover the beauty of the islands.

Finally, for those seeking an adrenaline rush, jet skiing and parasailing are perfect choices. Feel the thrill as you speed across the water on a powerful jet ski, or soar high in the sky while parasailing and take in the incredible views from above.

Wherever your interests lie, the Canary Islands offer a wide range of water sports activities to satisfy every adventurer. So grab your gear, head to the nearest island to Africa, and get ready for an unforgettable experience!

Delicious Cuisine

The nearest Canary Island to Africa, the island of Lanzarote, offers a diverse and delicious cuisine inspired by its proximity to the continent. Influenced by Spanish, African, and Latin American flavors, Lanzarote’s culinary scene is a true melting pot of tastes and aromas.

One of the must-try dishes on the island is “papas arrugadas” or wrinkled potatoes. These small, salty potatoes are boiled in sea water and served with “mojo” sauce, made from garlic, olive oil, vinegar, and local herbs. This simple yet flavorful dish is a staple in Canarian cuisine.

Lanzarote is also known for its fresh seafood, thanks to its location near the coast of Africa. From grilled prawns and octopus to delicious fish stews, seafood lovers will find plenty of options to satisfy their taste buds. Don’t miss the opportunity to try “cherne” (wreckfish) or “vieja” (parrotfish) prepared in traditional Canarian style.

For meat lovers, Lanzarote offers a variety of dishes featuring locally raised goat and pork. The “puchero canario” is a hearty stew made from different cuts of meat, legumes, and vegetables. It’s a typical dish enjoyed during festive occasions and family gatherings.

If you have a sweet tooth, you’re in for a treat on this island. Lanzarote is famous for its delicious desserts, such as “bienmesabe,” a sweet almond cream, and “torrijas,” a Spanish-style French toast. These desserts are often enjoyed with a glass of locally produced dessert wine.

Whether you’re a fan of seafood, meat, or sweets, Lanzarote’s cuisine has something to offer for everyone. Experience the unique flavors and culinary traditions of this island, and you won’t be disappointed.

Vibrant Festivals

The Canary Islands are known for their vibrant festivals, and the nearest island to Africa, Lanzarote, is no exception. Every year, the island comes alive with a variety of celebrations that showcase its unique culture and heritage.

One of the most famous festivals in Lanzarote is the Carnival, which takes place in the capital city of Arrecife. During this festive event, locals and tourists alike gather to enjoy colorful parades, lively music, and traditional dances. The streets are lined with brightly decorated floats, and people dress up in elaborate costumes to join in the festivities.

Another popular festival in Lanzarote is the Fiesta de San Gines, which honors the patron saint of the island. This week-long celebration features religious processions, live music performances, and a wide range of traditional activities. Visitors can sample local delicacies, watch traditional folk dances, and participate in various sporting events.

Lanzarote also hosts the Feria de la Virgen de los Dolores, a festival dedicated to the island’s patron saint. This event showcases the island’s agricultural heritage, with displays of local produce, livestock exhibitions, and traditional farming techniques. Visitors can immerse themselves in the island’s rural traditions and enjoy traditional music and dance performances.

With its vibrant festivals and rich cultural heritage, Lanzarote offers a unique and unforgettable experience for visitors. Whether you’re interested in music, dance, or local cuisine, there’s something for everyone to enjoy on this nearest island to Africa.


Which is the closest Canary Island to Africa?

The closest Canary Island to Africa is Fuerteventura.

How close is Fuerteventura to Africa?

Fuerteventura is approximately 100 kilometers away from the African coast.

Can you see Africa from Fuerteventura?

On clear days, it is possible to see the African coast from certain parts of Fuerteventura.

What is the significance of the proximity of Fuerteventura to Africa?

The proximity to Africa gives Fuerteventura a unique cultural blend and influences its cuisine, music, and architecture.

Is Fuerteventura easily accessible from Africa?

Yes, there are regular ferry services between Fuerteventura and various ports in Africa, making it relatively easy to travel between the two locations.