Exploring the Concept of a Canary Organisation – Understanding its Role in Modern Business

In today’s digital age, where threats to our safety and security lurk around every corner, monitoring vulnerabilities and staying one step ahead of potential dangers has become more important than ever. Enter the concept of a Canary Organisation, a powerful tool in the world of cybersecurity.

A Canary Organisation acts as a warning system, ready to alert its users of any potential threats or breaches. Just like a canary in a coal mine, these organisations are a first line of defense, designed to detect early warning signs and provide protection against potential attacks.

With its unique approach to security, a Canary Organisation sets up fake vulnerabilities in its systems, enticing potential hackers and exposing their presence. This allows the organisation to gather crucial information about the methods and techniques used by attackers, empowering them to strengthen their defenses and keep their sensitive data safe.

By strategically placing these canaries within their networks and systems, organisations gain valuable insights into the tactics employed by cybercriminals. This real-time monitoring and detection help them stay one step ahead, mitigating potential threats before they ever become a problem.

If you’re looking for a proactive approach to cybersecurity, a Canary Organisation may be the answer. By leveraging the power of deception, these organisations provide an added layer of protection, giving you peace of mind in an ever-evolving digital landscape.

What is a Canary Organisation?

A Canary Organisation is a type of organisation that focuses on protection, vulnerability, and safety from potential threats. The concept of a Canary Organisation is derived from the practice of using canaries in coal mines to warn miners of dangerous gases.

In the context of cybersecurity, a Canary Organisation is an entity that employs proactive monitoring and security measures to detect and respond to potential threats before they can cause harm. It acts as a canary in a coal mine, serving as an early warning system for any security breaches or vulnerabilities.

Monitoring and Security

A Canary Organisation continuously monitors its systems, networks, and applications for any signs of unauthorized access, suspicious activities, or potential vulnerabilities. It uses advanced security tools and technologies to detect, analyze, and respond to threats effectively.

By implementing robust security practices, such as strong access controls, encryption, intrusion detection systems, and firewalls, a Canary Organisation aims to minimize the risk of security breaches and protect its sensitive data.

Early Warning and Response

A Canary Organisation’s primary objective is to provide early warning signs of potential security breaches. It strategically places decoy systems, known as “canaries,” within its network infrastructure to attract and deceive attackers.

If an attacker interacts with a canary, it triggers an alert that notifies the security team, who can then respond promptly and mitigate the threat. This approach allows the organization to identify and address vulnerabilities before they can be exploited by malicious actors.

Furthermore, a Canary Organisation regularly conducts penetration testing and security audits to proactively identify weaknesses in its systems. It uses the gathered insights to improve security posture and implement necessary security controls to reduce the likelihood of successful attacks.

In conclusion, a Canary Organisation is a forward-thinking entity that prioritizes monitoring, security, and threat detection. By adopting a proactive approach, it aims to create a safer environment and ensure the early detection and response to potential security threats.

Why are they called Canary Organisations?

The name “Canary Organisations” comes from the concept of a canary in a coal mine. In the past, miners would bring a canary with them into the mine as a warning system for potential danger. If the canary became sick or died, it was an indication that there was a presence of toxic gases in the mine, alerting the miners to evacuate quickly.

In the context of security and protection, a canary organisation operates similarly. It intentionally exposes itself to a potential threat or vulnerability to serve as an early warning system for other organisations. By detecting and signaling potential threats or attacks, canary organisations provide valuable insights into security weaknesses and help others to take remedial actions.

A canary organisation acts as a sacrificial lamb, sacrificing its own safety and security to protect others. It typically creates decoy systems, enticing attackers to target them instead of the actual valuable systems. This allows the organization to observe and gather information about the attacker’s methods and techniques, helping them to fortify their defences and stay one step ahead.

By deliberately exposing vulnerabilities, canary organisations serve as a proactive means of detecting and responding to security threats. They play a crucial role in the ever-evolving landscape of cybersecurity, helping organizations to continuously improve their security measures and safeguard against potential attacks.

Canary Organisations and Software Development

In the realm of software development, canary organisations have become an essential aspect of ensuring safety and protection against potential threats and vulnerabilities. These organisations play a crucial role in monitoring software development processes and providing early warning signs of potential issues.

Canary organisations operate similarly to their namesake, the canary in the coal mine, which was used to detect toxic gases. In software development, a canary organisation acts as a monitoring system that detects and warns about potential threats that may compromise the security and stability of a software project.

Monitoring and Early Detection

One of the primary functions of a canary organisation in software development is to monitor the development process and identify any vulnerabilities or weaknesses that may arise. By closely monitoring the software development lifecycle, these organisations can detect potential issues early on and provide warnings to the development team.

Through continuous monitoring and analysis of the codebase, a canary organisation can quickly identify and report any security vulnerabilities, system weaknesses, or potential threats. This enables the development team to take proactive measures and address these issues before they become significant problems.

Proactive Threat Mitigation

Canary organisations also play a crucial role in proactive threat mitigation. By identifying vulnerabilities in the development process, these organisations can help the development team implement measures to mitigate potential threats.

For example, if a canary organisation detects a vulnerability in the codebase, it can provide recommendations for code changes or security enhancements that can help prevent an exploit. This proactive approach allows the development team to address security concerns before they are exploited, ultimately ensuring the stability and security of the software project.

Overall, canary organisations are an integral part of software development, providing a safety net and early warning system for potential threats and vulnerabilities. By monitoring the development process and proactively mitigating potential risks, these organisations contribute to creating secure and stable software projects.

Benefits of Canary Organisations

Canary organisations provide several benefits when it comes to security and threat monitoring. By deploying these warning systems within an organisation, vulnerabilities and potential threats can be detected early on, allowing for timely intervention.

1. Enhanced Security

Canary organisations serve as an additional layer of security, enabling proactive detection of potential threats. By placing these canaries in strategic locations within the organisation’s network or infrastructure, any unauthorized access attempts or abnormal activities can be identified before they can cause harm.

2. Early Warning System

Canaries act as early warning systems, alerting the organisation to the presence of an intruder or malicious activity. Their presence allows security teams to respond quickly and effectively, minimizing the potential damage caused by a security breach.

It is important to note that canaries do not directly prevent attacks or solve security vulnerabilities. Instead, they serve as a monitoring tool to detect and raise awareness of potential threats.

3. Identification of Vulnerabilities

Canary organisations can also help identify vulnerabilities within an organisation’s security infrastructure. By monitoring the canaries and analyzing data from any triggered alerts, security teams can identify weak points and take necessary measures to enhance the overall security posture.

4. Safety measures

By incorporating canaries, organisations can create a safer environment for their employees and sensitive information. The warning systems can help deter potential attackers, as they serve as a clear indicator that the organisation has implemented advanced security measures.

In conclusion, canary organisations offer numerous benefits in terms of security and threat detection. By incorporating these early warning systems, organisations can enhance their security, identify vulnerabilities, and ensure the safety of their systems, data, and personnel.

Challenges of Implementing a Canary Organisation

Implementing a canary organisation, also known as a honeypot, comes with its own set of challenges. This approach involves setting up a decoy network or system to attract attackers and detect any potential threats. While this can be a valuable tool for security monitoring and protection, there are several challenges that organisations may face:


Creating a canary organisation involves intentionally leaving certain parts of the network or system vulnerable. These vulnerabilities serve as bait to attract attackers. However, this also means that there is a real risk of a successful attack on these vulnerable areas, which could potentially lead to a compromise of the entire network.


A canary organisation requires constant monitoring and analysis to ensure that any detected threats are promptly addressed. This can be resource-intensive, as it involves dedicated personnel and advanced security tools to effectively monitor and analyze the network or system. Without proper monitoring, the canary organisation may fail to fulfill its purpose of providing early warning signals for potential threats.

Challenge Solution
Ensuring Security Implementing strong security measures within the canary organisation to minimize the risk of attackers penetrating the entire network or system.
Safeguarding Data Implementing appropriate data protection mechanisms to prevent sensitive information from being compromised in the event of an attack on the canary organisation.
Constant Adaptation Regularly updating and improving the canary organisation to stay ahead of evolving threats and attack techniques.

Overall, the challenges associated with implementing a canary organisation highlight the importance of careful planning, robust monitoring, and ongoing adaptability to ensure the effectiveness and security of this defensive strategy.

How to Create a Canary Organisation

A Canary Organisation is a valuable tool for monitoring the safety and protection of your network from potential threats and vulnerabilities. By setting up a Canary Organisation, you can proactively identify any potential threats or vulnerabilities, allowing you to take quick action to mitigate any risks.

Here are the steps to create a Canary Organisation:

Step 1: Identify your goals and objectives for creating a Canary Organisation. Determine what specific threats and vulnerabilities you want to monitor and protect against.
Step 2: Set up a separate network or segment of your existing network specifically for the Canary Organisation. This can help isolate any potential threats and minimize the impact on your main network.
Step 3: Implement monitoring tools and technologies to detect any abnormal or suspicious activities within the Canary Organisation. This can include intrusion detection systems, network monitoring software, and log analysis tools.
Step 4: Create realistic dummy assets within the Canary Organisation that can act as bait for potential attackers. These can include fake user accounts, file directories, or network services.
Step 5: Deploy monitoring sensors and systems within the Canary Organisation to detect any attempts to exploit the dummy assets. These sensors should be designed to trigger a warning or alert when any unauthorized activity is detected.
Step 6: Define a response plan for when a threat or vulnerability is detected within the Canary Organisation. This plan should outline the necessary steps to mitigate the risk and protect your main network.
Step 7: Regularly review and update your Canary Organisation to adapt to changing threats and vulnerabilities. This can include adding new dummy assets, adjusting monitoring tools, and refining your response plan.

By following these steps, you can create a Canary Organisation that provides an early warning system for potential threats and vulnerabilities. This proactive approach to network security can help you stay one step ahead of attackers and ensure the safety and protection of your organisation.

Examples of Successful Canary Organisations

Canary organisations have become increasingly popular as a warning system for various industries and sectors. These organisations prioritize safety, protection, and security to detect vulnerabilities and threats before they can cause major damage. Here are a few examples of successful canary organisations:

1. Company A: Company A, a leading tech firm, uses canary organisations to monitor its network for any suspicious activities or potential security breaches. By deploying canaries throughout their system, they can identify and mitigate vulnerabilities before they are exploited by attackers.

2. Organization B: Organization B, a government agency, utilizes canary organisations to enhance their cyber-defense strategy. They have integrated canaries into their network infrastructure to detect any incoming threats or attempted intrusions, allowing them to take immediate action to protect their data.

3. Institution C: Institution C, a financial institution, relies on canary organisations to safeguard their clients’ sensitive information. By strategically placing canaries within their system, they can detect any unauthorized access attempts, alerting their security team to take appropriate measures to prevent potential breaches.

4. Company D: Company D, a multinational corporation, understands the importance of early threat detection. They employ canary organisations to continuously monitor their cloud services and virtualized environments, enabling them to proactively respond to emerging threats and vulnerabilities.

These examples highlight the significance of canary organisations in maintaining a secure and resilient environment. By acting as early warning systems, canary organisations effectively prevent potential risks and ensure the safety of critical data and systems.

Key Principles of Canary Organisations

Canary organisations are built upon several key principles to ensure the warning and safety of an organisation. These principles include:

Proactive Security Canary organisations take a proactive approach to security, constantly monitoring and evaluating the threat landscape. This allows them to identify vulnerabilities and potential threats before they become significant risks.
Early Detection One of the main principles of canary organisations is early detection. By deploying decoy assets, such as fake documents or systems, canary organisations can detect and gather information on potential attackers or malicious actors early on.
Effective Communication Canary organisations prioritize effective communication within the organisation and with external partners. This allows for quick dissemination of threat information, ensuring timely responses and coordinated efforts to mitigate any potential risks.
Constant Adaptation Canary organisations understand that the threat landscape is constantly evolving. Therefore, they prioritize constant adaptation and improvement of their security measures to stay ahead of emerging threats and vulnerabilities.
Collaboration Canary organisations recognize the importance of collaboration and information sharing with other organisations, industry groups, and government agencies. This collaboration helps to enhance collective security and protection against common threats.

By adhering to these principles, canary organisations are able to create a robust security framework that effectively identifies and mitigates potential threats, ensuring the safety and protection of the organisation and its assets.

Measuring the Success of a Canary Organisation

A canary organisation is a special type of security measure used to detect and warn of potential threats or vulnerabilities within an organisation’s systems. These organisations are often used as a proactive monitoring tool to ensure the safety and security of an organisation’s network.

One of the primary ways to measure the success of a canary organisation is by evaluating the number of threats or warning signals it detects. A canary organisation is designed to act as an early warning system, alerting security professionals to any potential security breaches or vulnerabilities. The more threats that are detected by the canary organisation, the more successful it is considered to be in identifying and mitigating potential risks.

Monitoring Capabilities

In addition to detecting threats, a successful canary organisation should also have efficient monitoring capabilities. This includes the ability to continuously monitor the network, identify abnormal behavior, and respond quickly to any detected anomalies. The more effectively and efficiently a canary organisation can monitor the network, the better it can prevent potential security incidents.

Adaptability and Flexibility

A successful canary organisation should also demonstrate adaptability and flexibility. This means that it should be able to evolve and update its monitoring techniques to keep up with the constantly evolving threat landscape. This includes staying up to date with the latest security protocols and technologies and integrating them into its monitoring systems.

Overall, measuring the success of a canary organisation involves evaluating its ability to detect threats, its monitoring capabilities, and its adaptability. By continuously assessing and improving these aspects, an organisation can ensure that its canary organisation is effectively protecting its network and mitigating potential risks.

Canary Organisations and Continuous Delivery

Canary organisations play a crucial role in maintaining the security and safety of an organisation’s systems and networks. They act as a warning system and a line of defence against potential threats and vulnerabilities.

Continuous delivery is a practice that focuses on continuously delivering software updates and enhancements to users. It ensures that the organisation’s systems are up to date and protected against any new threats or vulnerabilities.

One of the key aspects of continuous delivery is the use of canary deployments. Canary deployments involve releasing new updates to a small subset of users or systems first, allowing the organisation to monitor their performance and security before rolling them out to the entire network.

By using canary organisations in the context of continuous delivery, organisations can ensure that they are providing the highest level of protection for their systems and networks. They can detect any potential vulnerabilities or security threats early on, allowing them to take proactive measures to mitigate them.

Canary organisations provide continuous monitoring and analysis of the systems, looking for any deviations or anomalies that could indicate a potential security breach. This early warning system allows organisations to respond quickly and effectively to mitigate any threats and protect their systems from harm.

In conclusion, canary organisations are an integral part of a continuous delivery approach to security. They provide an additional layer of protection and monitoring, helping organisations stay one step ahead of potential threats and vulnerabilities.

Canary Organisations vs Traditional Release Strategies

In the world of software development, it is crucial for organizations to prioritize threat protection, monitoring, safety, and security. Traditional release strategies often focus on delivering new features and updates quickly, which can sometimes result in vulnerabilities being introduced to the system. This is where Canary Organisations come into play.

A Canary Organisation is an innovative approach to release management that focuses on detecting and preventing security issues before they become major threats. This strategy involves releasing a small portion of new features or updates to a select group of users, known as the “canaries”. These users act as a warning system, allowing the organization to monitor and identify any potential vulnerabilities in the new release.

Compared to traditional release strategies, Canary Organisations offer several advantages in terms of security and risk management. By releasing updates to a limited group of users, the organization can closely monitor the impact of the changes and address any issues promptly. This ensures that any vulnerabilities or bugs are identified and fixed before the wider release, reducing the risk of a security breach.

Furthermore, Canary Organisations provide a more controlled environment for testing new features and updates. By releasing the changes to a small group of users first, the organization can gather valuable feedback and insights before rolling out the updates to the entire user base. This allows for iterative improvements and ensures that the final release is more stable and reliable.

Overall, Canary Organisations offer a proactive and risk-averse approach to software release management. By prioritizing threat protection and vulnerability monitoring, organizations can enhance the safety and security of their systems. This innovative strategy combines the benefits of controlled testing and continuous monitoring, resulting in a more robust and secure software release process.

Traditional Release Strategies Canary Organisations
Focus on delivering new features quickly Focus on threat protection and vulnerability monitoring
Potential introduction of vulnerabilities Detection and prevention of security issues
Wider release without thorough testing Controlled testing with select group of users

Are Canary Organisations Right for Your Company?

Canary organizations can provide an additional layer of protection for your company’s digital infrastructure. In today’s fast-paced and interconnected world, the threat of cyber attacks and vulnerabilities is constantly evolving. Traditional security measures may not be enough to keep up with the rapidly changing landscape.

A canary organization operates like a warning system, monitoring your network for any potential threats or vulnerabilities. In this setup, certain systems or devices are intentionally left unprotected, acting as “canaries” that would be the target of attackers. By closely monitoring any activities directed at these canary devices, you can effectively detect and respond to potential threats before they can cause significant damage to your organization.

Benefits of Canary Organisations

There are several benefits to implementing a canary organization within your company:

  1. Early threat detection: By using canary devices, you can detect potential threats and attacks at an early stage, allowing you to take immediate action to prevent any major damage.
  2. Real-time monitoring: Canary organizations provide continuous monitoring, ensuring that any suspicious activities are detected and reported in real time.
  3. Enhanced security awareness: By implementing a canary organization, your employees become more aware of potential security threats and vulnerabilities. This heightened awareness can lead to improved security practices throughout your company.

Considerations before Implementing Canary Organisations

While canary organizations can provide additional security measures, it is important to consider the following factors before implementing them:

  • Resource allocation: Setting up and maintaining canary devices requires dedicated resources and ongoing monitoring. Consider whether your company has the necessary resources to effectively manage the canary organization.
  • False positives: There is a risk of false positives with canary devices, meaning legitimate activities may be flagged as potential threats. It is important to have a strong understanding of your network and its typical behavior to differentiate between actual threats and false alarms.
  • Cost: Implementing and maintaining a canary organization can involve additional costs. Consider whether the potential benefits outweigh the expenses for your company.

Ultimately, the decision to implement a canary organization depends on your company’s specific needs and resources. If you operate in an industry with a high risk of cyber attacks or value proactive monitoring and threat detection, a canary organization may be the right choice for your company to enhance its digital security and protect against potential vulnerabilities.

Common Misconceptions about Canary Organisations

There are several common misconceptions surrounding canary organisations that can hinder a full understanding of their purpose and effectiveness. It is crucial to debunk these myths and separate fact from fiction.

Myth 1: Canary organisations compromise safety and expose vulnerabilities.

Fact: On the contrary, canary organisations enhance safety by providing an early warning system for potential threats. By monitoring abnormal behavior within an organisation, canaries can alert authorities to potential security breaches or vulnerabilities, allowing for immediate action and protection.

Myth 2: Canary organisations are solely intended for monitoring purposes.

Fact: While monitoring is a significant aspect of canary organisations, their purpose extends beyond surveillance. These organisations are designed to act as a warning system, enabling proactive responses to emerging threats. They serve as a proactive line of defense rather than simply gathering information passively.

Myth 3: Canary organisations are a guaranteed solution to all security challenges.

Fact: While canary organisations provide valuable insights into potential threats, they are not foolproof. They augment an organisation’s overall security measures but should not be considered the sole solution. A comprehensive security strategy requires multiple layers of protection, including canary organisations.

Myth 4: Canary organisations only serve large-scale enterprises.

Fact: Canary organisations are effective for businesses of all sizes. Whether it’s a small startup or a multinational corporation, the early warning mechanism provided by canaries is equally valuable. Implementing canary organisations can be tailored to suit the needs and budget of any organisation.

Myth 5: Canary organisations are complicated and costly to implement.

Fact: While implementing canary organisations requires careful planning and consideration, they do not necessarily have to be overly complex or expensive. There are various solutions available in the market that cater to different organisational needs and budgets. With proper research and guidance, canary organisations can be implemented effectively and efficiently.

By dispelling these misconceptions, it becomes clear that canary organisations play a crucial role in ensuring the security and protection of any organisation. They combine monitoring, warning systems, and proactive measures to enhance overall security posture and effectively address emerging threats.

Canary Organisations and Risk Management

A canary organisation is a security measure put in place by an organisation to monitor and safeguard against potential threats and risks. The concept behind a canary organisation is to act as a warning system, providing early detection of any potential danger or vulnerabilities.

Canary organisations operate by embedding specific security measures within the organisation’s infrastructure. These measures are designed to detect any unauthorized access attempts, malicious activities, or breaches in safety protocols. By setting up these measures, the organisation can monitor and evaluate potential risks in real-time, providing them with valuable information to enhance their security strategies.

The use of canary organisations enables proactive risk management. Rather than waiting for a security breach to occur, canary organisations allow the organisation to stay one step ahead, identifying and addressing potential threats before they can cause harm. This proactive approach greatly enhances the overall security and safety of the organisation.

One of the key features of a canary organisation is the use of canary devices or systems. These devices are intentionally designed to be certain weak points within the organisation’s security infrastructure. They act as bait for potential attackers, drawing their attention away from the actual valuable assets.

Canary devices are carefully monitored, and any activity or attempt to access them triggers an immediate alert to the security team. By quickly identifying and responding to these threats, the organisation can protect its critical resources effectively. Canary devices also provide valuable insights into the tactics and methods used by potential attackers, enabling the organisation to strengthen its security measures accordingly.

In summary, canary organisations play a crucial role in risk management and security. By implementing canary devices and monitoring systems, organisations can proactively identify and address potential threats, enhancing their overall protection and security posture. They act as an essential component in a comprehensive security strategy, providing early warning signs and valuable information to safeguard the organisation from harm.

The Future of Canary Organisations

The threat of cyber attacks is a constant concern for every organisation. As technology continues to advance, so do the methods and techniques used by hackers and malicious actors. Canary organisations have emerged as a response to this threat, providing a proactive approach to cybersecurity.

Canary organisations are designed to mimic the structure and operations of a real organisation, acting as a decoy to divert the attention of attackers. By deploying canaries throughout their network, organisations can detect and monitor threats in real-time, allowing them to take immediate action to protect their systems and data.

In the future, canary organisations will play a critical role in the overall cybersecurity strategy of businesses. As attackers become more sophisticated, organisations will need to constantly adapt and evolve their security measures to stay one step ahead.

Canaries will become more advanced and intelligent, able to simulate a wide range of activities and behaviours to trick attackers into revealing their presence. They will be equipped with artificial intelligence and machine learning capabilities, allowing them to learn and adapt to new attack patterns.

Furthermore, canary organisations will also become more interconnected and collaborative, allowing them to share information and insights in real-time. This will enable organisations to detect and respond to threats more effectively and efficiently, creating a stronger network of protection.

The future of canary organisations will also involve integration with other security technologies and frameworks. They will work alongside traditional security measures such as firewalls, antivirus software, and intrusion detection systems to provide a multi-layered defense against cyber threats.

While canary organisations offer a proactive approach to cybersecurity, they are not a foolproof solution. They rely on vulnerabilities and insecurities inherent in the attackers’ tactics, and there is always the risk of a canary being compromised. However, by continuously improving and advancing their monitoring and protection capabilities, canary organisations will remain an essential tool in the fight against cybercrime.


What is a Canary Organisation?

A Canary Organisation is a type of organization that is used to detect security breaches or attacks. It works by intentionally creating vulnerabilities or weak points in its systems, which are designed to attract potential hackers. When a breach or attack occurs, it triggers an alert, allowing the organization to take immediate action.

How does a Canary Organisation work?

A Canary Organisation works by strategically placing decoy systems or vulnerabilities within its network. These decoys are designed to resemble real systems or sensitive data, thus attracting potential hackers. When a hacker interacts with these decoys, the organization is alerted, and they can gather valuable information about the attacker and take appropriate actions to protect their real systems.

What are the benefits of using a Canary Organisation?

Using a Canary Organisation has several benefits. Firstly, it allows organizations to actively detect and respond to security breaches or attacks, ensuring that potential threats are identified and addressed quickly. Additionally, it enables organizations to gather valuable information about attackers, their methods, and potential vulnerabilities in their systems. This information can be used to improve security measures and prevent future attacks.

Are there any drawbacks to using a Canary Organisation?

While Canary Organizations provide significant benefits, they also have some drawbacks. One of the main drawbacks is the potential for false positives, where legitimate users or employees accidentally trigger alerts by interacting with the decoy systems. Additionally, maintaining a Canary Organization requires significant time and resources, as it involves regular testing and updating of decoy systems to ensure they remain effective.

Can a Canary Organisation be used in any industry?

Yes, a Canary Organisation can be used in any industry that wants to proactively detect and respond to security breaches or attacks. From technology companies to healthcare organizations, financial institutions to government agencies, any organization that wants to enhance its cybersecurity measures can benefit from implementing a Canary Organisation.

What is a canary organisation?

A canary organization is a term used to describe a company or group that is used as a test or early warning system for larger organizations. It helps to identify potential problems, risks, or vulnerabilities before they cause harm to the larger entity.