How many Canary Islands are there and what are they known for?

The Canary Islands, a group of seven volcanic islands located off the coast of Northwestern Africa, are known for their stunning landscapes, year-round sunshine, and unique biodiversity. The archipelago is made up of many islands, each with its own distinct character and attractions.

So how many Canary Islands are there? There are actually seven main islands in the archipelago: Tenerife, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, La Palma, La Gomera, and El Hierro. Each of these islands offers a different experience and is worth exploring.

Tenerife, the largest of the Canary Islands, is home to Spain’s highest peak, Mount Teide. With its diverse landscapes ranging from lush forests to lunar-like landscapes, Tenerife offers something for everyone. Fuerteventura, on the other hand, is known for its pristine sandy beaches and crystal-clear waters, making it a haven for beach lovers and water sports enthusiasts.

Gran Canaria is often referred to as a “miniature continent” due to its diverse landscapes and microclimates. From golden beaches to towering dunes and lush valleys, Gran Canaria offers a unique blend of natural beauty. Lanzarote, with its volcanic landscapes and unique vineyards, is a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve and a paradise for nature lovers.

La Palma, known as the “beautiful island,” is a hiker’s paradise with its dense forests, volcanic craters, and stunning viewpoints. La Gomera, with its lush laurel forests and secluded beaches, offers a peaceful and relaxing escape. Lastly, El Hierro, the smallest and least developed of the Canary Islands, is a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve and a true nature lover’s dream.

Whether you’re seeking adventure, relaxation, or immersion in nature, the Canary Islands have something to offer. With their unique landscapes and diverse attractions, each island is a world of its own, waiting to be explored.

Tenerife: The Largest and Most Popular Island

Tenerife is one of the many Canary Islands, an archipelago located off the coast of northwestern Africa. It is the largest and most populous island in the archipelago, attracting millions of visitors each year.

Known for its stunning landscapes, Tenerife offers a diverse range of natural wonders. The island is dominated by the majestic Mount Teide, a dormant volcano and the highest peak in Spain. The Teide National Park, which surrounds the volcano, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a must-visit for nature lovers.

Unique Landscapes

Aside from the volcano, Tenerife boasts an array of unique landscapes. The north of the island is known for its lush green valleys and picturesque coastal towns, while the south is characterized by its golden sand beaches and vibrant resorts.

The Anaga Rural Park, located in the northeastern part of the island, is another natural gem. It features deep ravines, dense forests, and breathtaking viewpoints. This area is perfect for hiking and exploring the island’s diverse flora and fauna.

Cultural Attractions

In addition to its natural beauty, Tenerife offers a rich cultural heritage. The capital city, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, is home to numerous museums, art galleries, and historical sites. The Auditorio de Tenerife, an iconic modernist building designed by Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava, is a popular attraction for its impressive architecture and vibrant cultural events.

The island is also renowned for its traditional celebrations and festivals. The Carnival of Santa Cruz de Tenerife is one of the largest and most famous carnivals in the world, attracting visitors from all corners of the globe. The carnival features colorful parades, music, dance, and a lively atmosphere that truly showcases the island’s vibrant culture.

In conclusion, Tenerife stands out as the largest and most popular island in the Canaries. With its unique landscapes, cultural attractions, and year-round pleasant climate, it offers something for every visitor. Whether you are seeking relaxation on the beach, adventure in the mountains, or immersion in the local culture, Tenerife has it all.

Gran Canaria: The Miniature Continent

Gran Canaria is one of the seven main islands of the Canary Islands archipelago, located off the coast of northwest Africa. Known as the “Miniature Continent”, Gran Canaria offers a diverse landscape and a variety of natural wonders.

The island of Gran Canaria is often compared to a continent due to its unique combination of landscapes. From sandy beaches and towering sand dunes to lush forests and rugged mountain peaks, Gran Canaria has it all. Whether you’re looking to relax on the beach or go hiking in the mountains, this island has something for everyone.

How Gran Canaria became the “Miniature Continent”

The nickname “Miniature Continent” comes from the fact that Gran Canaria has a wide range of microclimates and ecosystems. The island’s unique geography, with its steep cliffs, valleys, and ravines, creates different weather patterns and habitats across the island.

Gran Canaria is home to several microclimates, including desert-like areas in the south, lush forests in the center, and even snowy peaks in the interior. This diversity of climates and ecosystems makes Gran Canaria a paradise for nature lovers and outdoor enthusiasts.

What makes Gran Canaria unique

Aside from its varied landscapes, Gran Canaria is also known for its rich cultural heritage. The island has a long history, with traces of aboriginal Guanche settlements and Spanish influence evident in its architecture and traditions.

Gran Canaria is also famous for its vibrant capital city, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, which boasts a bustling city center, beautiful beaches, and a rich cultural scene. Whether you’re interested in exploring historical sites, enjoying the vibrant nightlife, or simply relaxing on the golden sands, Gran Canaria offers something for everyone.

Nickname Location Highlights
The Miniature Continent Northwest Africa Diverse landscapes, microclimates, cultural heritage

Lanzarote: The Volcanic Wonderland

Lanzarote is one of the many islands that make up the Canary Islands archipelago. Located off the northwest coast of Africa, Lanzarote is known for its unique volcanic landscape and natural wonders.

The island was formed by a series of volcanic eruptions that took place over six years in the 18th century. As a result, Lanzarote is now home to fascinating volcanic formations, including lava fields, volcanic cones, and craters.

One of the most famous landmarks on the island is Timanfaya National Park, also known as the “Fire Mountains”. This park offers visitors the opportunity to explore the otherworldly landscapes created by volcanic activity. Visitors can see geothermal demonstrations, where water is poured into the ground and instantly erupts as steam due to the high temperatures below.

Lanzarote’s volcanic landscape has also shaped its agriculture. The island’s unique wine-growing region, La Geria, is a testament to the resilience and ingenuity of the local farmers. To protect the vineyards from the harsh volcanic winds, farmers have created small, circular stone walls around each vine, creating a surreal and beautiful sight.

In addition to its volcanic wonders, Lanzarote also offers stunning beaches, crystal-clear waters, and vibrant marine life. The island is a popular destination for water sports enthusiasts, with activities such as snorkeling, scuba diving, and windsurfing readily available.

Whether you’re interested in exploring the volcanic landscapes, relaxing on the beaches, or immersing yourself in the vibrant local culture, Lanzarote truly is a volcanic wonderland that has something for everyone.

La Gomera: The Untouched Paradise

La Gomera is one of the lesser known Canary Islands, but it is a hidden gem that shouldn’t be overlooked. With its untouched natural beauty and unique landscapes, La Gomera is a paradise waiting to be discovered.

Nestled in the Atlantic Ocean, La Gomera is known for its rugged coastline, lush forests, and breathtaking mountains. The island offers a diverse range of landscapes, from volcanic peaks to deep valleys and pristine beaches.

What sets La Gomera apart from the other Canary Islands is its untouched charm. With fewer tourists than its more popular neighbors, the island has managed to preserve its natural beauty and authentic culture. Visitors can explore the island’s hidden coves, hike through its ancient forests, and immerse themselves in its rich history.

One of the highlights of La Gomera is its unique whistle language, known as Silbo Gomero. This ancient communication system was developed by the island’s inhabitants to communicate across the deep ravines and valleys. Today, Silbo Gomero is recognized as a Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO.

La Gomera also offers a wide range of outdoor activities for nature lovers. From hiking to scuba diving, there are plenty of opportunities to explore the island’s diverse ecosystems. The Garajonay National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is a must-visit for its ancient laurel forest and stunning views.

With its untouched landscapes, unique culture, and abundant natural beauty, La Gomera truly is an untouched paradise. Whether you’re a nature lover, history enthusiast, or simply seeking an off-the-beaten-path destination, this Canary Island gem is sure to captivate you.

El Hierro: The Hidden Gem

El Hierro is one of the lesser-known Canary Islands, but it is a true hidden gem. Despite its small size and remote location, El Hierro offers visitors a unique and unforgettable experience. So, how many Canary Islands are there and what sets El Hierro apart?

La Palma: The Beautiful Starry Sky

La Palma, one of the many islands in the Canary archipelago, is known for its spectacular starry sky. Located in the Atlantic Ocean, this beautiful island offers stargazers a unique opportunity to witness the miraculous beauty of the universe.

La Palma is often called “The Star Island” due to its exceptional stargazing conditions. The island’s location, far away from any major light pollution sources, allows for a clear and unobstructed view of the night sky.

Canary Islands, including La Palma, are home to multiple astronomical observatories. These observatories take advantage of the island’s excellent visibility and atmospheric conditions to conduct various scientific studies and observations.

Many amateur astronomers and astrophotographers visit La Palma to capture the mesmerizing night sky. The island offers numerous vantage points, such as the Roque de los Muchachos Observatory, which is located at the highest point of the island. From here, visitors can marvel at the countless stars, planets, and even distant galaxies.

La Palma’s commitment to preserving its starry sky has led to the development of a “Starlight Reserve” and the implementation of lighting regulations aimed at reducing light pollution. This dedication has earned the island recognition as a UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve.

If you’re a lover of astronomy or simply appreciate the beauty of the night sky, La Palma is a must-visit destination. Experience the magical sights of the universe and witness the breathtaking beauty of the stars on this enchanting Canary Island.

Fuerteventura: The Windsurfing Paradise

Fuerteventura is one of the islands that make up the Canary Islands, a volcanic archipelago located in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of northwestern Africa. Known for its stunning beaches and unique landscapes, Fuerteventura is a popular destination for tourists, especially those looking for windsurfing opportunities.

With its strong trade winds and mild climate, Fuerteventura offers ideal conditions for windsurfing all year round. The island’s long sandy beaches and clear turquoise waters provide the perfect setting for both beginners and experienced windsurfers to enjoy their favorite water sport.

Windsurfing schools and rental shops can be found throughout the island, catering to all levels of expertise. Whether you are a beginner looking to take your first steps in windsurfing or an advanced surfer looking for challenging waves, Fuerteventura has it all.

The island is also home to some of the world’s best windsurfing spots, such as Sotavento and Corralejo. These locations offer a variety of conditions, from calm lagoons to big waves, making Fuerteventura a paradise for windsurfers of all levels.

Aside from windsurfing, Fuerteventura has much to offer. Its rugged terrain, including volcanic mountains and rolling sand dunes, makes it a favorite destination for hiking and exploring. The island is also known for its vibrant nightlife, with a wide range of bars, restaurants, and clubs to choose from.

Whether you are a windsurfing enthusiast or simply looking to relax and soak up the sun on a beautiful beach, Fuerteventura is the perfect destination. Its unique combination of natural beauty and thrilling water sports make it a true windsurfing paradise.

La Graciosa: The Remote Island

La Graciosa is one of the Canary Islands, a remote archipelago located off the northwest coast of Africa. It is the smallest and least populated island in the Canary Islands, with a population of around 700 people.

La Graciosa is known for its pristine beaches, crystal-clear waters, and untouched natural beauty. It offers a unique and tranquil escape from the hustle and bustle of modern life.

One of the main attractions of La Graciosa is its stunning landscapes, which include volcanic craters, sandy dunes, and rocky cliffs. Visitors can explore these natural wonders by hiking or biking along the island’s numerous trails.

How to Get to La Graciosa

Despite being remote, La Graciosa is easily accessible by ferry from the nearby island of Lanzarote. The ferry ride takes about 30 minutes, and there are several departures each day.

Once on La Graciosa, visitors can explore the island on foot or by renting a bike or a buggy. There are no paved roads on the island, which adds to its charm and sense of seclusion.

Activities on La Graciosa

La Graciosa is a paradise for outdoor enthusiasts. The island offers a wide range of activities, including snorkeling, diving, fishing, and windsurfing.

Visitors can also take boat trips to the nearby islands of Montaña Clara and Alegranza, known for their diverse marine life and stunning landscapes.

For those looking to relax and unwind, La Graciosa’s beaches are perfect for sunbathing and taking a dip in the crystal-clear waters.

In conclusion, La Graciosa is a remote and untouched island in the Canary Islands, offering a unique and tranquil escape for those seeking natural beauty and seclusion. With its stunning landscapes and range of outdoor activities, it is a must-visit destination for nature lovers and adventure seekers.

Los Lobos: The Nature Reserve

Los Lobos is a small island located just off the coast of Fuerteventura, one of the Canary Islands. It is part of the Chinijo Archipelago, which also includes two other islands, Montaña Clara and Roque del Este. The name “Los Lobos” translates to “The Wolves” in English, but don’t worry, there are no wolves on the island!

The island got its name because of the large number of sea lions, also known as lobos marinos, that used to inhabit its shores. Today, Los Lobos is a protected nature reserve, and visitors can enjoy its pristine beauty and unique wildlife.

How to Get There

To visit Los Lobos, you can take a short boat trip from Corralejo, a town on the northern tip of Fuerteventura. The boat ride takes approximately 15 minutes, and there are regular departures throughout the day.

Once you arrive on the island, there are several walking trails that you can explore. The most popular trail takes you to the summit of La Caldera, a 127-meter-high volcano. From the top, you’ll have stunning views of Fuerteventura and the surrounding islands.

The Wildlife

Los Lobos is home to a wide variety of plant and animal species, many of which are endemic to the Canary Islands. The island is an important nesting site for several species of seabirds, including the Cory’s shearwater and the European storm petrel.

Underwater, the waters around Los Lobos are teeming with marine life. Snorkelers and scuba divers can admire colorful coral reefs, octopuses, and schools of tropical fish. If you’re lucky, you might even spot some sea turtles or dolphins!

To protect this fragile ecosystem, visitors are required to follow strict rules while on the island. Fishing, camping, and littering are strictly prohibited, and visitors must stay on designated trails.

Quick Facts
Location: Off the coast of Fuerteventura, Canary Islands
Size: 4.58 square kilometers
Protected status: Nature reserve since 1982
Species: Over 130 plant species, over 125 bird species
Main attraction: La Caldera volcano

Whether you’re a nature lover, a bird-watching enthusiast, or simply looking for a peaceful escape from the hustle and bustle of everyday life, a visit to Los Lobos is a must. Its untouched beauty and unique wildlife will leave you in awe!

Montaña Clara: The Seabird Sanctuary

Montaña Clara is one of the many islands that make up the Canary Islands archipelago. Located just off the coast of Lanzarote, Montaña Clara offers a unique sanctuary for seabirds.

The island is uninhabited by humans and is instead home to various species of seabirds, including gulls, shearwaters, and terns. With its remote location and lack of human presence, Montaña Clara provides a safe haven for these birds to breed and nest.

The island’s rocky coastline provides nesting sites for the seabirds, while the surrounding waters offer an abundance of fish and other marine life for them to feed on. The island’s isolation also helps protect the birds from predators, allowing them to thrive in their natural habitat.

Visitors are not permitted to land on Montaña Clara in order to preserve the delicate ecosystem and protect the seabirds. However, boat tours are available that allow visitors to observe the birds from a distance, providing an opportunity to witness the island’s unique wildlife.

Montaña Clara is just one example of the many islands that make up the Canary Islands archipelago. Each island has its own distinct features and attractions, making the region a true paradise for nature enthusiasts and birdwatchers.

So, if you’re wondering how many islands there are in the Canary Islands, Montaña Clara is just one of many that are waiting to be discovered.

Alegranza: The Remote Volcanic Island

Alegranza is one of the Canary Islands, located in the Atlantic Ocean. It is a remote volcanic island that is part of the Chinijo Archipelago, which also includes the islands of Montaña Clara, Roque del Este, Roque del Oeste, and La Graciosa. Alegranza is the northernmost of the Canary Islands and is known for its untouched natural beauty.

The island is of volcanic origin and its landscape is rugged and untouched. It is home to several impressive volcanic formations, including the Alegranza crater, which is the highest point on the island. The crater was formed as a result of volcanic activity and offers stunning panoramic views of the surrounding ocean.

Roque del Este: The Imposing Rock Formation

The Canary Islands, consisting of many volcanic islands, are a paradise for nature enthusiasts. One of the most impressive natural wonders that can be found in this archipelago is the Roque del Este, a massive rock formation that stands tall and proud.

Located off the coast of one of the Canary Islands, Roque del Este is a breathtaking sight to behold. Its imposing presence and unique shape make it an iconic landmark in the region.

The rock formation is made up of hardened volcanic lava and has been shaped by the forces of nature over millions of years. Standing at a height of several hundred meters, it commands attention and inspires awe.

The Roque del Este is not only visually striking but also holds significant cultural and historical importance. It has been a source of inspiration for artists, writers, and explorers throughout the centuries.

Visitors to the Canary Islands should not miss the opportunity to explore this remarkable natural wonder. Whether to witness its grandeur from afar or to embark on a hiking expedition to reach its summit, a visit to Roque del Este promises to be an unforgettable experience.

So, if you find yourself on the Canary Islands, be sure to make time for a visit to Roque del Este. Prepare to be captivated by its awe-inspiring beauty and the unique geological history that shaped it.

Roque del Oeste: The Majestic Natural Monument

Roque del Oeste is one of the many natural wonders that can be found in the Canary Islands. Located off the coast of Lanzarote, this majestic rock formation stands as a testament to the volcanic history of the archipelago.

The Canary Islands are a group of seven main islands, each offering its own unique beauty and attractions. Roque del Oeste, with its imposing presence and rugged beauty, is a standout among them.

A Unique Geological Formation

Roque del Oeste is a natural monument created by volcanic activity. It is composed of basalt rock and rises out of the Atlantic Ocean, forming a distinct silhouette against the horizon. Its sheer cliffs and jagged edges make it a striking sight to behold.

The rock has been eroded over time by the powerful forces of nature, shaping it into a picturesque formation that is unlike anything else in the Canary Islands. Visitors are often left in awe of its grandeur and magnificence.

A Haven for Wildlife

Roque del Oeste is not only a geological marvel, but also a haven for wildlife. The surrounding waters are teeming with marine life, making it a popular spot for diving and snorkelling. Dolphins and whales can often be spotted swimming in the area, adding to the charm and allure of this natural monument.

The rock itself is also home to a variety of bird species, including the yellow-legged gull and the Cory’s shearwater. Birdwatchers flock to Roque del Oeste to catch a glimpse of these captivating creatures in their natural habitat.

Roque del Oeste is a must-visit destination for nature lovers and adventure seekers alike. Its stunning beauty and rich biodiversity make it an unforgettable experience in the Canary Islands. Whether you’re exploring the surrounding waters or hiking along its cliffs, Roque del Oeste is sure to leave a lasting impression.

Rase Dunas: The Sand Dunes of Corralejo

Located in the beautiful Canary Islands, the sand dunes of Corralejo are a natural wonder that attracts thousands of visitors each year. These stunning dunes are part of the Rase Dunas Natural Park, which covers an impressive area of over 2,600 hectares.

With their golden sands and unique landscape, the sand dunes of Corralejo offer a truly unforgettable experience. Visitors can enjoy walking or hiking through the dunes, feeling the soft sand beneath their feet and taking in the breathtaking views. The dunes also provide a perfect spot for sunbathing or simply relaxing and enjoying the peaceful atmosphere.

What makes the sand dunes of Corralejo even more extraordinary is their accessibility. Despite being located on the small island of Fuerteventura, these dunes are easily accessible for visitors from all over the world. There are regular ferry services and flights to the nearby island, making it a popular destination for tourists.

The sand dunes of Corralejo are not only a stunning natural landscape but also an important habitat for a variety of plant and animal species. The unique combination of desert-like conditions and proximity to the sea creates a special microclimate that supports the growth of rare and endangered plants. It is also home to several species of birds, including the Canary Islands chat and the Houbara bustard.

So, if you’re wondering how many Canary Islands there are and what makes each one unique, the sand dunes of Corralejo are definitely something you don’t want to miss. From their stunning beauty to their ecological significance, these dunes offer a truly unforgettable experience for visitors of all ages.

Caleta de Fuste: The Charming Resort Town

Caleta de Fuste is a popular resort town located on the island of Fuerteventura, one of the many beautiful Canary Islands. Known for its stunning beaches, crystal-clear waters, and vibrant nightlife, Caleta de Fuste attracts tourists from all over the world.

With its picturesque harbor, sandy beaches, and promenade lined with shops and restaurants, Caleta de Fuste offers a perfect blend of relaxation and entertainment. Visitors can enjoy a day sunbathing on the golden shores or take part in various water sports such as snorkeling, diving, and jet skiing.

For those looking to explore more of the island’s natural beauty, Caleta de Fuste serves as an ideal base. Its central location allows easy access to other notable attractions, including the stunning sand dunes of Corralejo and the volcanic landscapes of Timanfaya National Park.

Things to Do in Caleta de Fuste

Caleta de Fuste offers a wide range of activities to suit every taste. Golf enthusiasts can enjoy a round of golf at the Fuerteventura Golf Club, while history buffs can explore the town’s history at the Salt Museum or the Caleta de Fuste Castle. Those seeking relaxation can indulge in spa treatments or unwind with a cocktail by the pool.

At night, Caleta de Fuste comes alive with its bustling bars, nightclubs, and live music venues. Visitors can dance the night away to the sounds of local bands playing traditional Canarian music or enjoy live performances by international artists.

Accommodation and Dining

Caleta de Fuste offers a wide range of accommodation options to suit every budget, from luxury resorts to self-catering apartments. Many of the hotels offer All-Inclusive packages, allowing guests to enjoy unlimited food and drinks during their stay.

Restaurant Cuisine Specialty
El Patio Spanish Tapas
La Terraza del Muelle Seafood Fresh Fish
La Casa del Parmigiano Italian Pizza
El Faro de Cotillo Canarian Paella

When it comes to dining, Caleta de Fuste offers a wide variety of restaurants, serving both local Canarian delicacies and international cuisines. From traditional tapas to fresh seafood and mouthwatering pizzas, there is something to satisfy every palate.

Whether you’re looking for a relaxing beach getaway, an active water sports adventure, or a vibrant nightlife experience, Caleta de Fuste has it all. With its charming atmosphere and idyllic location, it’s no wonder that this resort town is a popular choice for travelers visiting the Canary Islands.

Playa Blanca: The Picturesque Coastal Village

Located on one of the many idyllic islands in the Canary Islands archipelago, Playa Blanca is a charming coastal village that captivates visitors with its stunning natural beauty and laid-back atmosphere.

Known for its pristine white sandy beaches, Playa Blanca offers a picturesque backdrop of crystal-clear turquoise waters and rugged volcanic landscapes. The village is nestled at the southernmost tip of the island, providing breathtaking views of the surrounding ocean and neighboring islands.

With its year-round warm climate, Playa Blanca is the perfect destination for beach enthusiasts and outdoor adventurers alike. Its diverse range of water sports and activities, such as snorkeling, diving, and sailing, make it an ideal location for those seeking an adrenaline rush or simply a day of relaxation by the sea.

Aside from its natural wonders, Playa Blanca also boasts a vibrant local culture and a welcoming community. Stroll through its charming streets and you will find a variety of restaurants, bars, and shops offering local delicacies and handmade crafts. The village also holds regular festivals and events, showcasing traditional music, dance, and cuisine.

For those looking to explore beyond the village, Playa Blanca serves as a gateway to some of the island’s hidden gems. Take a short boat trip to the nearby island of Fuerteventura, known for its stunning sand dunes and lagoons. Or venture inland to discover the volcanic landscapes and ancient archaeological sites that the Canary Islands are famous for.

Whether you are seeking a relaxing beach getaway or an adventure-filled holiday, Playa Blanca offers something for everyone. Its unique blend of natural beauty, cultural heritage, and warm hospitality make it a must-visit destination among the many enchanting islands the Canary Islands have to offer.


How many islands make up the Canary Islands?

The Canary Islands consist of seven main islands.

Which is the largest island in the Canary Islands?

Tenerife is the largest island in the Canary Islands.

What are the names of the other six islands in the Canary Islands?

The other six islands in the Canary Islands are Gran Canaria, Fuerteventura, Lanzarote, La Palma, La Gomera, and El Hierro.

What is unique about Tenerife?

Tenerife is home to Mount Teide, the highest peak in Spain. It is also known for its beautiful beaches, vibrant nightlife, and stunning natural landscapes.

What makes Gran Canaria unique?

Gran Canaria is known for its diverse landscapes, ranging from beautiful beaches to rocky mountains and desert-like dunes. It is also recognized as a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO.

How many Canary Islands are there?

There are a total of 8 Canary Islands.